Mauritius Visitors Guide
Mauritius Travelguide Mauritius Travelguide Mauritius Travelguide
Mauritius Travelguide
Mauritius Time:

12 h 24 h

Mauritius Travelguide
Mauritius Travelguide Mauritius Travelguide Mauritius Travelguide


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History of Mauritius:

10 million years ago:

Two great magmatic and structural cycles gave rise to volcanic formations. The first cycle of eruptions formed the island, today known as "Mauritius" which at the time was basically located at the current place of Reunion.
The Tectonic shift caused the island to move away. The second cycle formed the island being Reunion. In Mauritius, the volcanic activity ended 25 000 years ago.


900 A.D

In the tenth century, the island of Mauritius was already known by Arab and Malay sailors.

1505 - 1598 Portugese

The European discovered the island in 1505, namely Pedro Mascarenhas, a Portugese. His name is represented in the group of islands Mauritius, Reunion, Rodrigues; they are called "the Mascarene Islands".

1598 - 1710 Dutch

Three ships of the eight Dutch Second Fleet that were sent to the Spice Islands were blown off course during a cyclone and landed on the island in 1598, naming it in honour of Prince Maurice of Nassau, the Stadtholder of the Netherlands. In 1638, the Dutch established the first permanent settlement, but because of tough climatic conditions including cyclones and the deterioration of the settlement, the Dutch abandoned the island some decades later.


1710 - 1715 Pirates

After the Dutch area, Pirates settled on the island, and harmed to the islands nature and to the economic trade in the indian ocean. That was the estimated time, when the DODO got extinct.
Some other sources say that it was during the Dutch period, when DODO disappeared.


DODO, flightless Mauritius-native bird

1715 - 1810 French

The French who controlled the neighbouring Bourbon island (now Réunion) moved in to seize Mauritius in 1715 and later renamed it Ile de France (Isle of France). They made Port Louis become the capital. The French imported slaves from Eastafrica and Madagascar, in order to work on the sugar cane fields, for the constantly growing sugar production industry. From 1767 Mauritius became a French colony.

1810 - 1968 English

In the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815)the British set out to gain control of the island. After a battle on sea, the French lost the north of the island, which became quickly settled by the British at Cap Malheureux (Hapless Cape). They formally surrendered on 3rd December 1810, on terms allowing them to keep their land and property, and to use the French language and law of France in criminal and civil matters. But the island got back the former name Mauritius. After slavery was banned in the 19th century, the freed slaves were not willing to work for the colonial ruler. This started Indian mass-immigration of contractors, and the indian sugarfield workers soon represented 60% of the islands population. That was followed by an immigration-stop.

Independence

In 1958, Great Britain started to prepare Mauritius for its independence. Democracy was established, and political independence was achieved. 12th March 1968, Mauritius became independent yet a member of the British Commonwealth. First Prime Minister was Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, who reigned in the first 14 years of Mauritius independence. Since July 2005, his son continues the job. The 12th March 1992, Mauritius became an independent republic.
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